The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Focal astrocyte loss is followed by microvascular damage, with subsequent repair of the blood-brain barrier in the apparent absence of direct astrocytic contact.

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown is a feature of cerebral ischaemia, multiple sclerosis, and other neurodegenerative diseases, yet the relationship between astrocytes and the BBB integrity remains unclear. We present a simple in vivo model in which primary astrocyte loss is followed by microvascular damage, using the metabolic toxin 3-chloropropanediol (S-alpha-chlorohydrin). This model is uncomplicated by trauma, ischaemia, or primary immune involvement, permitting the study of the role of astrocytes in vascular endothelium integrity, maintenance of the BBB, and neuronal function. Male Fisher F344 rats given 3-chloropropanediol show astrocytic damage and death at 4-24 h in symmetrical brainstem and midbrain nuclear lesions, while neurons show morphological changes at 24-48 h. Fluorescent 10 kDa dextran tracers show the BBB leaking from 24 h, progressing to petechial haemorrhage after 48-72 h, with apparent repair after 6 days. BBB breakdown, but not the earlier astrocytic death, is accompanied by a delayed increase in blood flow in the inferior colliculus. An ED1 inflammatory response develops well after astrocyte loss, suggesting that inflammation may not be a factor in starting BBB breakdown. This model demonstrates that the BBB can self-repair despite the apparent absence of direct astrocytic-endothelial contact. The temporal separation of pathological events allows pharmacological intervention, and the mild reversible ataxia permits long-term survival studies of repair mechanisms.[1]

References

  1. Focal astrocyte loss is followed by microvascular damage, with subsequent repair of the blood-brain barrier in the apparent absence of direct astrocytic contact. Willis, C.L., Nolan, C.C., Reith, S.N., Lister, T., Prior, M.J., Guerin, C.J., Mavroudis, G., Ray, D.E. Glia (2004) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities