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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The PDGF B-chain is involved in the ontogenic susceptibility of the developing rat brain to NMDA toxicity.

Hypoxic-ischemic (H-I) injury to neonatal brains can cause a life-long neuronal deficit because of increased susceptibility in the neonatal period. Excitotoxicity due to overstimulation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor ( NMDAR) is assumed to be the basis of the injury. However, the ontogenic profile of the susceptibility does not directly correlate with the levels of NMDAR expression. Platelet-derived growth factor B-chain (PDGF-B) has been reported to protect neurons by suppressing the NMDA-evoked current and translocating the glutamate transporter to the cell membrane. Thus, we assessed the relationship between the susceptibility to H-I injury and the expression of PDGF-B in neonatal rat brain. PDGF-B infusion before and after an intrastriatal NMDA injection significantly reduced the size of the lesions in 7-day-old rats, when they are most susceptible and the neuronal expression of PDGF-B is low. Fourteen-day-old neonatal rats were found to be resistant to NMDA injury, even though NMDARs are expressed at high levels in the brain at this age. Inhibition of PDGF-B protein synthesis by antisense oligodeoxynucleotides increased the size of the NMDA-induced lesions up to 6-fold at postnatal day 14, when PDGF-B is expressed at high levels in neurons. These data suggest that PDGF-B is an important physiological modulator of NMDAR excitability in the developing brain, and that the balance between the expression of NMDAR and PDGF-B partly determines the ontogenic susceptibility to brain injury. Enhancement of the PDGF-B/receptor signal pathway might rescue neonatal brains at risk of H-I injury.[1]


  1. The PDGF B-chain is involved in the ontogenic susceptibility of the developing rat brain to NMDA toxicity. Egawa-Tsuzuki, T., Ohno, M., Tanaka, N., Takeuchi, Y., Uramoto, H., Faigle, R., Funa, K., Ishii, Y., Sasahara, M. Exp. Neurol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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