The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Connexin 43 expression in glial cells of developing rhombomeres of Xenopus laevis.

Connexin 43 is a gap junctional protein found predominantly in astrocytes. In the mammalian nervous system, it appears to play an organizational role during neural development. In the current study, conducted on the frog, Xenopus laevis, we found that connexin 43 occurs in glial cells during development of rhombomeres and that its expression is spatially and temporally regulated. We used neural (2G9) and cell proliferation (BrdU) markers to identify the overall organization of Xenopus rhombomeres and then tracked expression of connexin 43 and glial fibrillary acidic protein, an intermediate filament protein known to mark glia during rhombomeric development. 2G9 was expressed in rhombomeric centers (ventricular concavities) and outlying neuropil regions, whereas BrdU-labeled cells marked boundary regions (ventricular convexities), as early as stage 35/36. These labeling patterns persisted through premetamorphic stages of hindbrain development. At stage 47, 2G9-labeled profiles were highlighted by the presence of connexin 43, and at stage 49/50, connexin 43-labeled profiles, i.e., rhombomeric centers and neuropil, as well as rhombomeric boundaries, not labeled by connexin 43, became immunoreactive to glial fibrillary acidic protein. Cells of rhombomeric center regions and their processes in the outlying neuropil co-expressed glial fibrillary acidic protein and connexin 43 at a time that is characterized by the emergence of hindbrain auditory neural circuitry. Glial fibrillary acidic protein positive glial cells that appeared at rhombomeric boundaries never expressed connexin 43, but rather appeared to physically bisect ventricular convexities into adjacent rhombomeric regions. Thus, glial cells that express connexin 43 in developing rhombomeric centers may be similar to radial glia, assisting in formation of neural circuitry, while glial cells that do not express connexin 43, situated at rhombomeric boundaries, may be involved in demarcating adjacent rhombomeres.[1]


  1. Connexin 43 expression in glial cells of developing rhombomeres of Xenopus laevis. Katbamna, B., Jelaso, A.M., Ide, C.F. Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities