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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclosporine A sensitizes the kidney to tubulointerstitial fibrosis induced by renal warm ischemia.

BACKGROUND: Renal warm ischemic injury and immunosuppression with cyclosporin A (CsA) may contribute to chronic allograft nephropathy after cadaveric transplantation. This study establishes whether CsA can sensitize the kidney to injury and fibrosis induced by renal warm ischemia (RWI). METHODS: The left kidney of Sprague-Dawley rats was subjected to 30 min of warm ischemia and/or intraperitoneal CsA (15 mg/kg/d) for 30 days (n=6 per group). Renal injury and fibrosis were assessed histologically together with immunohistochemistry for collagen III, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, ED1 (macrophage marker), and alpha-smooth muscle actin. Renal mRNAs for collagen III, TGF-beta 1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 together with MMP enzyme activity were also determined. RESULTS: RWI or CsA alone produced only minor effects on renal injury and fibrosis. However, in CsA-treated rats, RWI produced a marked increase in tubulointerstitial fibrosis, as shown by the potentiation of collagen III and TGF-beta1 determined by immunochemistry and mRNA analysis. The up-regulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 mRNA was associated with a decrease in MMP enzyme activity. In CsA-treated rats, RWI was also associated with an increase in inflammatory infiltrates, elevated immunostain for ED1 (indicating extensive macrophage influx), and elevated immunostain for alpha-smooth muscle actin (indicating myofibroblast activation). CONCLUSIONS: In the rat, CsA can sensitize the kidney to fibrosis induced by renal warm ischemia. In renal transplantation, when cadaveric donor kidneys have been subjected to a period of warm ischemia, CsA may be an inappropriate choice for immunosuppressive therapy.[1]


  1. Cyclosporine A sensitizes the kidney to tubulointerstitial fibrosis induced by renal warm ischemia. Ahmed, A., Huang, L., Raftery, A.T., Ahmed, A.K., Fahmy, H., El Nahas, A.M., Haylor, J.L. Transplantation (2004) [Pubmed]
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