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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Attenuation of neointima formation through the inhibition of DNA repair enzyme PARP-1 in balloon-injured rat carotid artery.

Increased oxidative stress is a major characteristic of restenosis after angioplasty. The oxidative stress is mainly created by oxidants such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are assumed to play an important role in neointima formation after angioplasty. DNA is a sensitive target for oxidants; however, oxidative DNA damage remains a poorly examined field in the pathogenesis of restenosis. In the present study, we demonstrated that the expression of the oxidative DNA damage marker 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) was quickly increased in rat carotid arteries after balloon injury. It reached its peak at 14 days after injury and still kept high expression at 28 days after injury. The immunostaining of 8-oxo-dG was present predominantly in the neointima. In response to oxidative DNA damage, the DNA repair enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) was significantly increased after balloon injury. The time course change and location of PARP-1 is similar to that of 8-oxo-dG. Daily injections of the PARP-1 inhibitor PJ34 (5 mg.kg(-1).day(-1) ip) attenuated neointima formation by approximately 40% at 7, 14, and 28 days after balloon injury. Treatment with PJ34 inhibited leukocyte infiltration and improved both anatomic (reendothelialization) and functional (endothelial function) recovery of endothelial cells after balloon injury. In conclusion, levels of oxidative DNA damage and the DNA repair enzyme PARP-1 are increased in vessels after balloon injury. Inhibition of PARP-1 attenuates neointima formation through inhibition of leukocyte infiltration and improvement of endothelial cell recovery after balloon injury. Targeting of the DNA repair enzyme might be a therapeutic strategy for restenosis.[1]

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