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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cataract surgery in patients with nanophthalmos: results and complications.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the results and complications of cataract surgery in patients with nanophthalmos. SETTING: University hospital practice. METHODS: The records of consecutive patients with nanophthalmos who had cataract surgery from 1978 through 2002 were reviewed for ocular diagnoses, corneal diameter, keratometry, axial length, retinal-choroidal-scleral thickness determined by echography, ocular surgeries, visual acuity, and complications. RESULTS: Eight patients (6 women, 2 men) with a mean age of 59 years were reviewed. Four patients were not previously diagnosed with nanophthalmos; increased retinal-choroidal-scleral thickness (mean 2.41 mm) confirmed the diagnosis. Twelve eyes had cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, 11 by phacoemulsification and 1 by extracapsular cataract extraction, and 4 eyes had lamellar scleral resections. Additional surgeries included glaucoma laser treatment (8 eyes), cyclocryotherapy (2 eyes), trabeculectomy with scleral resection (1 eye), trabeculectomy combined with phacoemulsification (1 eye), and neodymium:YAG laser capsulotomy (4 eyes). No eye lost vision; however, complications included severe iritis, broken IOL haptic with vitreous loss, posterior capsule opacity, choroidal hemorrhage, phthisis, and aqueous misdirection. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that echography should be used to assess retinal-choroidal-scleral thickness in eyes that are hyperopic and at risk for narrow-angle glaucoma. Thickening may confirm the diagnosis of nanophthalmos and allow careful preoperative assessment and appropriate operative procedures in these high-risk eyes. With advances in cataract, glaucoma, and uveal effusion treatments, surgical results in patients with nanophthalmos are improving.[1]

References

  1. Cataract surgery in patients with nanophthalmos: results and complications. Wu, W., Dawson, D.G., Sugar, A., Elner, S.G., Meyer, K.A., McKey, J.B., Moroi, S.E. Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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