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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

P2Y12 receptor stimulation inhibits beta-adrenergic receptor- induced differentiation by reversing the cyclic AMP-dependent inhibition of protein kinase B.

Cyclic AMP-dependent induction of differentiation by activation of the beta-adrenergic receptor is correlated with inhibition of protein kinase B activity concomitant with growth arrest and increase in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) synthesis in rat C6 glioma cells. Costimulation of the beta-adrenergic receptor with purinergic receptors activated by 2-methylthio-adenosine-5'-diphosphate (2MeSADP) increased protein kinase B ( PKB) phosphorylation above the level measured in non-stimulated cells and abolished cAMP-dependent differentiation. Transfection of cells with constitutively active PKB confirmed that reactivation of PKB is involved in the 2MeSADP-dependent inhibition of GFAP synthesis. The P2Y(12) and P2Y(13) receptor antagonist AR-C69931MX [N(6)-(2-methylthioethyl)-2-(3,3,3-trifluoropropylthio)-beta,gamma-dichloro-methylene ATP] decreased PKB phosphorylation to the level in non-stimulated cells, whereas the P2Y(13) antagonists pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulfonic acid (PPADS) and P(1),P(3)-di(adenosine-5') tetraphosphate (Ap(4)A) did not alter the 2MeSADP-induced phosphorylation of PKB, showing that enhanced PKB activity and subsequent phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase-3 is due to stimulation of the P2Y(12) receptor. In addition, experiments in the presence of pertussis toxin and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase ( PI 3-K) activity assays demonstrated that the P2Y(12) receptor- mediated increase in PKB phosphorylation is G(i) protein- and PI 3-K-dependent. The presented data demonstrated that a cAMP-dependent inhibition of PKB induces differentiation of C6 glioma cells and that inhibition of adenylate cyclase and reactivation of the PI 3-K/ PKB pathway by the P2Y(12) receptor reverses differentiation into enhanced proliferation.[1]


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