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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

G-protein beta 3 subunit 825 CC genotype is associated with unexplained (functional) dyspepsia.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: In patients with functional dyspepsia, altered alpha-adrenoreceptor function and depression are prevalent, features that are linked to a G-protein beta 3 (GNB3) subunit gene polymorphism (C825T). We aimed to assess the association of specific G-protein beta 3 subunit genotypes with functional dyspepsia. METHODS: In study A, abdominal symptoms were assessed in 67 patients with unexplained, upper abdominal symptoms and 259 consecutive blood donors with and without abdominal symptoms. In study B, a further 56 patients with functional dyspepsia and 112 age- and sex-matched healthy controls from a blood donor population study were evaluated. Genomic DNA was isolated from buccal swabs and genotyping of the C825T polymorphisms was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction analysis. RESULTS: In the blood donors with no abdominal symptoms in study A (controls, n = 161), genotype distribution was 17 TT, 77 TC, and 67 CC. In blood donors and patients with unexplained abdominal symptoms, genotype distribution was 22 TT, 54 TC, and 89 CC (P = 0.007 vs. controls). In study B, the genotype distribution in functional dyspepsia patients was 4 TT, 18 CT, and 34 CC compared with 4 TT, 62 CT, and 46 CC in the controls (P < 0.02). Combining studies A and B, the odds ratio (OR) adjusted for age and sex for upper abdominal symptoms associated with the CC genotype was 2.2 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4-3.3), compared with subjects with TC and TT genotype carrying an allele. CONCLUSIONS: Homozygous GNB3 825C carrier status is associated with unexplained predominantly upper abdominal symptoms.[1]


  1. G-protein beta 3 subunit 825 CC genotype is associated with unexplained (functional) dyspepsia. Holtmann, G., Siffert, W., Haag, S., Mueller, N., Langkafel, M., Senf, W., Zotz, R., Talley, N.J. Gastroenterology (2004) [Pubmed]
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