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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Cloning of a gluconate/polyol dehydrogenase gene from Gluconobacter suboxydans IFO 12528, characterisation of the enzyme and its use for the production of 5-ketogluconate in a recombinant Escherichia coli strain.

A 5-ketogluconate (5-KGA)-forming membrane quinoprotein, gluconate dehydrogenase, was isolated from Gluconobacter suboxydans strain IFO 12528 and partially sequenced. Partial sequences of five internal tryptic peptides were elucidated by mass spectrometry and used to isolate the two adjacent genes encoding the enzyme (EBI accession no. AJ577472). These genes share close homology with sorbitol dehydrogenase from another strain of G. suboxydans (IFO 3255). Substrate specificity of gluconate 5-dehydrogenase ( GA 5-DH) turned out to be quite broad, covering many polyols, amino derivatives of carbohydrates, and simple secondary alcohols. There is a broad correlation between the substrate specificity of GA 5-DH and the empirical Bertrand-Hudson rule that predicts the specificity of oxidation of polyols by acetic acid bacteria. Escherichia coli transformed with the genes encoding gluconate dehydrogenase were able to convert gluconic acid into 5-KGA at 75% yield. Furthermore, it was found that 5-KGA can be converted into tartaric acid semialdehyde by a transketolase. These results provide a basis for designing a direct fermentation-based process for conversion of glucose into tartaric acid.[1]

References

  1. Cloning of a gluconate/polyol dehydrogenase gene from Gluconobacter suboxydans IFO 12528, characterisation of the enzyme and its use for the production of 5-ketogluconate in a recombinant Escherichia coli strain. Salusjärvi, T., Povelainen, M., Hvorslev, N., Eneyskaya, E.V., Kulminskaya, A.A., Shabalin, K.A., Neustroev, K.N., Kalkkinen, N., Miasnikov, A.N. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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