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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Simulation of human serum pharmacokinetics of cefazolin, piperacillin, and BRL 42715 in rats and efficacy against experimental intraperitoneal infections.

Studies were performed to determine the effects of BRL 42715, a potent beta-lactamase inhibitor, on the activity of cefazolin and piperacillin against experimental intraperitoneal infections caused by either Escherichia coli or Serratia marcescens in rats. Compounds were administered to rats as a continuous infusion of an exponentially diluted solution to simulate in rat plasma the concentration-versus-time curves obtained for humans following intravenous bolus administration. A simulated 1-g dose of cefazolin was ineffective in reducing the bacterial counts in blood and peritoneal fluid samples of animals infected with S. marcescens US20, which produced class Ia beta-lactamase, and as a result, mortality was similar to that of infected controls. Similarly, a simulated 2-g dose of piperacillin was ineffective in reducing bacterial numbers and mortality in animals infected with E. coli 41548, producing a TEM-1 beta-lactamase. However, when the antibiotics were coadministered with BRL 42715, bacterial numbers were reduced significantly and all animals survived at least 16 h after infection. These data demonstrate the ability of BRL 42715 to potentiate the activity of cefazolin and piperacillin against beta-lactamase-producing bacteria that would otherwise be resistant to these antibiotics and illustrate the application of a model to simulate human serum concentrations in conscious rats.[1]


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