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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An altered repertoire of fos/jun (AP-1) at the onset of replicative senescence.

With multiple divisions in culture, normal diploid cells suffer a loss of growth potential that leads to replicative senescence and a finite replicative capacity. Using quantitative RT-PCR, we have monitored mRNA expression levels of c-fos, c-jun, JunB, c-myc, p53, H-ras, and histone H4 during the replicative senescence of human fibroblasts. The earliest and the largest changes in gene expression occurred in c-fos and junB at mid-senescence prior to the first slowing in cell growth rates. The basal level of c-fos mRNA decreased to one-ninth that of the early-passage levels, while junB declined to one-third and c-jun expression remained constant. The decline in the basal c-fos mRNA level in mid-senescence should lead to an increase in Jun/Jun AP-1 homodimers at the expense of Fos/Jun heterodimers and may trigger a cascade of further changes in c-myc, p53, and H-ras expression in late-passage senescent fibroblasts.[1]


  1. An altered repertoire of fos/jun (AP-1) at the onset of replicative senescence. Irving, J., Feng, J., Wistrom, C., Pikaart, M., Villeponteau, B. Exp. Cell Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
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