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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Calvasculin, an encoded protein from mRNA termed pEL-98, 18A2, 42A, or p9Ka, is secreted by smooth muscle cells in culture and exhibits Ca(2+)-dependent binding to 36-kDa microfibril-associated glycoprotein.

Calvasculin, an EF-hand protein with a molecular mass of 11 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, is present abundantly in bovine aorta (Watanabe, Y., Kobayashi, R., Ishikawa, T., and Hidaka, H. (1992) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 292, 563-569). This protein is synthesized constitutively by bovine aortic smooth muscle (BASM) cells and rat embryo fibroblast 3Y1 cells in culture. We discovered that calvasculin was secreted by BASM cells and 3Y1 cells. Immunofluorescence staining of BASM cells showed a granular distribution for calvasculin that was typical of a secreted protein. This protein bound with an extracellular matrix protein, 36-kDa microfibril-associated glycoprotein (36-kDa MAP), in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner in vitro. A stoichiometry analysis showed that the 36-kDa MAP bound 2.2 calvasculin eq/mol of protein. Solid-phase binding assays indicated a preferential affinity of native calvasculin for 36-kDa MAP among the extracellular matrices in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. These results suggest that calvasculin, intracellular Ca(2+)-binding protein, is released to the extracellular space and binds with 36-kDa MAP.[1]

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