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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased tyrosine phosphorylation mediates the cooling-induced contraction and increased vascular reactivity of Raynaud's disease.

OBJECTIVE: Increased levels of protein tyrosine kinase ( PTK) are mechanistically associated with increased contractile responsiveness to cooling. This study tests the hypothesis that increased PTK activity mediates the increased vascular reactivity to agonists and cooling associated with primary Raynaud's disease (RD). METHODS: The response of dermal arterioles isolated from control (n = 29) and RD (n = 29) subjects to contractile and dilatory agents at 37 degrees C and 31 degrees C was characterized using the microvessel perfusion technique. Fluorescence immunohistochemistry was used to measure tyrosine phosphorylation. RESULTS: At 37 degrees C, arteries from RD patients exhibited similar sensitivity to the specific alpha(2)-adrenergic agonist UK 14,304, to serotonin, and to angiotensin II. At 31 degrees C, however, the response to all 3 agonists was greater in the arterioles from the RD patients than in those from the control subjects. Agonist-induced contraction at both temperatures was reversed by cumulative addition of the PTK inhibitors genistein (1-30 microM) and tyrphostin 47 (0.1-10 microM). All arterioles from control subjects relaxed slightly in response to cooling, whereas more than half of those from RD patients contracted. This cooling-induced contraction was reversed by the cumulative addition of genistein. The 3 agonists elicited large increases in tyrosine phosphorylation only in arterial segments from RD patients at 31 degrees C. Cooling from 37 degrees C to 31 degrees C elicited a large increase in tyrosine phosphorylation in arterioles from RD patients, but not those from control subjects. All increases in tyrosine phosphorylation could be prevented by genistein. CONCLUSION: Increased tyrosine phosphorylation mediates cooling-induced contraction and the increased vascular reactivity of skin arterioles from individuals with RD.[1]


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