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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Binding characteristics of ortho-toluidine to rat hemoglobin and albumin.

The binding characteristics of [14C]ortho-toluidine (OT), a suspect human carcinogen, were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were administered [14C]OT i.p. at 10, 20, 40, 50, or 100 mg/kg body weight, then sacrificed at 2, 4, 8, 18, 24, 48, or 72 h, or 7, 14, or 28 days. Hemoglobin (Hb) and albumin ( Alb) were isolated from blood, and OT binding was determined by liquid scintillation counting. For Alb, peak binding occurred at 50 mg/kg at the 4-h time point (15.6 ng OT/mg Alb), while for Hb peak binding was observed at 24 h at the 100 mg/kg dose (23.0 +/- 5.1 ng OT/mg Hb). OT- Alb binding was not linear; however, OT-Hb binding appeared to increase linearly in a dose-dependent manner. Biological half-lives of OT bound to Alb or Hb were observed to be 2.6 and 12.3 days, respectively, after rats were administered a single dose of [14C]OT and sacrificed after 4 h to 28 days. The effect of route of administration on OT-Hb adduct formation was investigated, and approximately a two-fold increase in radioactivity bound to Hb was observed after i.p. administration of 100 mg/kg [14C]OT versus oral intubation. Additional studies were carried out to investigate the effect of microsomal enzyme induction. An increase in OT-Hb binding was seen in rats pretreated with phenobarbital compared to rats pretreated with beta-naphthoflavone or without pretreatment; however, this increase was not statistically significant. These results suggest that OT-Hb and OT- Alb adduct formation may be a valuable biomarker for assessing workplace exposure.[1]


  1. Binding characteristics of ortho-toluidine to rat hemoglobin and albumin. DeBord, D.G., Swearengin, T.F., Cheever, K.L., Booth-Jones, A.D., Wissinger, L.A. Arch. Toxicol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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