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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Production of a complement inhibitor possessing sialyl Lewis X moieties by in vitro glycosylation technology.

Recombinant soluble human complement receptor type 1 (sCR1) is a highly glycosylated glycoprotein intended for use as a drug to treat ischemia-reperfusion injury and other complement-mediated diseases and injuries. sCR1-sLe(x) produced in the FT-VI-expressing mutant CHO cell line LEC11 exists as a heterogeneous mixture of glycoforms, a fraction of which include structures with one or more antennae terminated by the sialyl Lewis X (sLe(x)) [Neu5Acalpha2-3Galbeta1-4(Fucalpha1-3)GlcNAc]) epitope. Such multivalent presentation of sLe(x) was shown previously to effectively target sCR1 to activated endothelial cells expressing E-selectin. Here, we describe the use of the soluble, recombinant alpha2-3 sialyltransferase ST3Gal-III and the alpha1-3 fucosyltransferase FT-VI in vitro to introduce sLe(x) moieties onto the N-glycan chains of sCR1 overexpressed in standard CHO cell lines. The product (sCR1-S/F) of these in vitro enzymatic glycan remodeling reactions performed at the 10-g scale has approximately 14 N-glycan chains per sCR1 molecule, comprised of biantennary (90%), triantennary (8.5%), and tetraantennary (1.5%) structures, nearly all of whose antennae terminate with sLe(x) moieties. sCR1-S/F retained complement inhibitory activity and, in comparison with sCR1-sLe(x) produced in the LEC11 cell line, contained twice the number of sLe(x) moieties per mole glycoprotein, exhibited a twofold increase in area under the intravenous clearance curve in a rat pharmacokinetic model, and exhibited a 10-fold increase in affinity for E-selectin in an in vitro binding assay. These results demonstrate that in vitro glycosylation of the sCR1 drug product reduces heterogeneity of the glycan profile, improves pharmacokinetics, and enhances carbohydrate-mediated binding to E-selectin.[1]


  1. Production of a complement inhibitor possessing sialyl Lewis X moieties by in vitro glycosylation technology. Thomas, L.J., Panneerselvam, K., Beattie, D.T., Picard, M.D., Xu, B., Rittershaus, C.W., Marsh, H.C., Hammond, R.A., Qian, J., Stevenson, T., Zopf, D., Bayer, R.J. Glycobiology (2004) [Pubmed]
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