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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mild nephrogenic diabetes insipidus caused by Foxa1 deficiency.

Foxa1 is a member of the winged helix family of transcription factors and is expressed in the collecting ducts of the kidney. We investigated its potential contribution to renal physiology in Foxa1-deficient mice on a defined genetic background. Foxa1(-/-) mice are dehydrated and exhibit electrolyte imbalance as evidenced by elevated hematocrit and plasma urea levels, hypernatremia, and hyperkalemia. This phenotype is the consequence of decreased urine osmolality secondary to renal vasopressin resistance. Mutations of the human genes encoding the vasopressin 2 receptor and aquaporin 2 cause nephrogenic diabetes insipidus; however, expression of these genes is maintained or increased, respectively, in Foxa1(-/-) mice. Likewise, expression of the genes encoding the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2), the potassium channel ROMK, the chloride channel CLCNKB, barttin (BSND), and the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR), each of which is important in sodium reabsorption in the loop of Henle, is maintained or even increased in Foxa1-deficient mice. Thus, we have shown that Foxa1(-/-) mice represent a new model of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus with unique molecular etiology, and we have identified the first transcription factor whose mutation leads to a defect in renal water homeostasis in vivo.[1]


  1. Mild nephrogenic diabetes insipidus caused by Foxa1 deficiency. Behr, R., Brestelli, J., Fulmer, J.T., Miyawaki, N., Kleyman, T.R., Kaestner, K.H. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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