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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) during fracture healing.

Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is one of the acidic phosphorylated extracellular matrix proteins called the SIBLING (small integrin-binding ligand, N-linked glycoproteins) family. Recent studies showed that DMP1 is expressed in the mineralized tissues and suggested that DMP1 is involved in the mineralization. We investigated the precise localization of DMP1 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein during fracture healing. In situ hybridization demonstrated that DMP1 mRNA was strongly expressed in preosteocytes and osteocytes in the bony callus during intramembranous and endochondral ossification while DMP1 mRNA was not detected in osteoblasts and chondrocytes. During endochondral ossification, however, a low number of DMP1-expressing cells were identified in the cluster of hypertrophic chondrocytes. However, these DMP1-expressing cells were not hypertrophic and were likely to be osteoblast-lineage cells, which were embedded in the matrix of bone or cartilage, because type I collagen-expressing cells and invasion of capillary vessels were observed in the same area. Northern blot, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemical analyses showed that DMP1 mRNA and protein expressions were increased until day 14 postfracture, when bony callus was formed, and then declined to a lower level during remodeling of the bony callus. Therefore, DMP1 is likely to play an important role in the mineralization of the bony callus.[1]


  1. Expression of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) during fracture healing. Toyosawa, S., Kanatani, N., Shintani, S., Kobata, M., Yuki, M., Kishino, M., Ijuhin, N., Komori, T. Bone (2004) [Pubmed]
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