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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

KSHV viral cyclin binds to p27KIP1 in primary effusion lymphomas.

Primary effusion lymphomas (PELs) represent a unique non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is consistently infected by Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV). PEL cells express high levels of the cell cycle inhibitor p27(KIP1) and yet proliferate actively. KSHV genome encodes a viral cyclin homolog, v-cyclin, which has previously been implicated in down-regulation of p27(KIP1) levels. To address how PEL cells can tolerate high p27(KIP1) levels, we investigated functional interactions between v-cyclin and p27(KIP1) using PEL-derived cell lines as a model system. Here we demonstrate that v-cyclin and p27(KIP1) stably associate in PEL cells in vivo suggesting an attractive model by which p27(KIP1) is inactivated in the actively proliferating PEL cells. Moreover, we show that v-cyclin and cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) form an active kinase without p27(KIP1) and that CDK6 is the in vivo catalytic subunit of v-cyclin in PEL cells. These findings suggest that KSHV may promote oncogenesis in PEL by expressing v-cyclin, which both overrides negative cell cycle controls present in the PEL precursor cells and induces a strong proliferative signal via CDK6 kinase activity.[1]


  1. KSHV viral cyclin binds to p27KIP1 in primary effusion lymphomas. Järviluoma, A., Koopal, S., Räsänen, S., Mäkelä, T.P., Ojala, P.M. Blood (2004) [Pubmed]
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