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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel nonpeptide ligand for formyl peptide receptor-like 1.

Formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1) is a G protein-coupled receptor that binds natural and synthetic peptides as well as lipoxin A(4) and mediates important biological functions. To facilitate its pharmacological characterization, we screened a compound library and identified a substituted quinazolinone (Quin-C1, 4-butoxy-N-[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-4-oxo-1,4-dihydro-2H-quinazolin-3-yl]-benzamide) as a ligand for FPRL1. Quin-C1 induces chemotaxis and secretion of beta-glucuronidase in peripheral blood neutrophils with a potency of approximately 1/1000 of that of the peptide agonist WKYMVm. In studies using transfected rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cell lines expressing either formyl peptide receptor or FPRL1, Quin-C1 induced enzyme release from RBL-FPRL1 but not RBL-FPR cells. Likewise, Quin-C1 selectively stimulates calcium mobilization in RBL-FPRL1 cells, a response that was markedly inhibited by pertussis toxin. Quin-C1 also stimulates phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 and induces internalization of an FPRL1 fused to green fluorescent protein. In degranulation assays, both the FPRL1-selective peptide agonist MMK1 and Quin-C1 exhibited lower efficacy and potency than WKYMVm, with EC(50) values of 7.17 x 10(-8) M and 1.88 x 10(-6) M, respectively, compared with the EC(50) value for WKYMVm (2.29 x 10(-8) M). However, Quin-C1 did not induce neutrophil superoxide generation at up to 100 microM. Based on these results, we conclude that Quin-C1 is a novel nonpeptide ligand that binds to FPRL1 and selectively stimulates FPRL1-mediated functions. Quin-C1 is a prototype of substituted quinazolinones based on which further structural modifications may be made to improve its efficacy and potency for FPRL1.[1]


  1. A novel nonpeptide ligand for formyl peptide receptor-like 1. Nanamori, M., Cheng, X., Mei, J., Sang, H., Xuan, Y., Zhou, C., Wang, M.W., Ye, R.D. Mol. Pharmacol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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