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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of IgG FcR-mediated proliferation of human T cells induced by mouse and human anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies. Identification of a functional polymorphism to human IgG2 anti-CD3.

T cell activation induced by mouse anti-CD3 mAb has shown to be dependent on the Ig isotype of these antibodies. A study of isotype dependency of human antibodies, however, seems more relevant to human effector systems, especially in view of the availability of humanized antibodies for clinical applications. We constructed a panel of mouse and mouse/human chimeric anti-CD3 mAb, which differ only in their CH region and hence have identical binding sites and affinity. By using these antibodies, we now studied their ability to induce T cell proliferation in human PBMC and analyzed the classes of IgG FcR involved in these responses. The human (h)IgG1, hIgG3, and hIgG4, as well as mouse (m)IgG2a and mIgG3 anti-CD3 mAb induced an Fc gamma RI (CD64)-dependent T cell proliferation in all donors. Activation with hIgG2 and mIgG1 anti-CD3 mAb was observed to be mediated via the low affinity Fc gamma RII ( CD32). It was found that leukocytes in a normal donor population display a functional polymorphism with respect to hIgG2 anti-CD3 responsiveness. This polymorphism was found to be inversely related to the previously defined Fc gamma RII-polymorphism to mIgG1 anti-CD3 mAb. Monocytes expressing the Fc gamma RII mIgG1 low responder (LR) allele support hIgG2 anti-CD3 induced T cell proliferation efficiently, whereas cells homozygous for the Fc gamma RII mIgG1 high responder (HR) allele do not. This observation could be confirmed in T cell activation studies using hFc gamma RIIa-transfected mouse fibroblasts, expressing either the mIgG1 anti-CD3 HR or LR Fc gamma RII-encoding cDNA.[1]


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