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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hydrogen peroxide induces GADD153 in Jurkat cells through the protein kinase C-dependent pathway.

Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible gene 153 (GADD153) is a CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/ EBP) related gene and is induced in response to various stimuli including DNA damaging agents, UV irradiation, and serum starvation. In this study, we investigated which intracellular signals contribute to the expression of GADD153 mRNA in Jurkat cells in response to oxidative stress using several kinds of kinase inhibitors. GADD153 mRNA expression was immediately enhanced following hydrogen peroxide exposure and was significantly inhibited by treatment with H-7, staurosporin, and Ro-31-8220. In particular, rottlerin, a PKCdelta specific inhibitor, markedly attenuated hydrogen peroxide-induced GADD153 mRNA expression even at 1 microM. Treatment with a potent PKC activator, phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), augmented GADD153 mRNA in Jurkat cells in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, although PMA alone induced GADD153 mRNA marginally. Hydrogen peroxide significantly enhanced the AP-1 binding activity of the nuclear extract from Jurkat cells to the GADD153 AP-1 binding site. AP-1 binding activity was suppressed by rottlerin treatment. These findings indicate that PKC, especially PKCdelta, plays an important role in the induction of GADD153 mRNA following oxidative stress.[1]


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