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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the endomannosidase pathway for the processing of N-linked oligosaccharides in glucosidase II-deficient and parent mouse lymphoma cells.

Studies on N-linked oligosaccharide processing in the mouse lymphoma glucosidase II-deficient mutant cell line (PHAR2.7) as well as the parent BW5147 cells indicated that the former maintain their capacity to synthesize complex carbohydrate units through the use of the deglucosylation mechanism provided by endomannosidase. The in vivo activity of this enzyme was evident in the mutant cells from their production of substantial amounts of glucosylated mannose saccharides, predominantly Glc2Man; moreover, in the presence of 1-deoxymannojirimycin or kifunensine to prevent processing by mannosidase I, N-linked Man8GlcNAc2 was observed entirely in the form of the characteristic isomer in which the terminal mannose of the alpha 1,3-linked branch is missing (isomer A). In contrast, parent lymphoma cells, as well as HepG2 cells in the presence of 1-deoxymannojirimycin accumulated Man9GlcNAc2 as the primary deglucosylated N-linked oligosaccharide and contained only about 16% of their Man8GlcNAc2 as isomer A. In the presence of the glucosidase inhibitor castanospermine the mutant released Glc3Man instead of Glc2Man, and the parent cells converted their deglucosylation machinery to the endomannosidase route. Despite the mutant's capacity to accommodate a large traffic through this pathway no increase in the in vitro determined endomannosidase activity was evident. The exclusive utilization of endomannosidase by the mutant for the deglucosylation of its predominant N-linked Glc2Man9GlcNAc2 permitted an exploration of the in vivo site of this enzyme's action. Pulse-chase studies utilizing sucrose-D2O density gradient centrifugation indicated that the Glc2Man9GlcNAc2 to Man8GlcNAc2 conversion is a relatively late event that is temporally separated from the endoplasmic reticulum-situated processing of Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 to Glc2Man9GlcNAc2 and in contrast to the latter takes place in the Golgi compartment.[1]


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