The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distinct ADAM metalloproteinases regulate G protein-coupled receptor-induced cell proliferation and survival.

Cross-talk between G protein-coupled receptor ( GPCR) and epidermal growth factor receptor ( EGFR) signaling systems is widely established in a variety of normal and transformed cell types. Here, we demonstrate that the EGFR transactivation signal requires metalloproteinase cleavage of epidermal growth factor-like growth factor precursors in fibroblasts, ACHN kidney, and TccSup bladder carcinoma cells. Furthermore, we present evidence that blockade of the metalloproteinase-disintegrin tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17) by a dominant negative ADAM17 mutant prevents angiotensin II-stimulated pro-HB-EGF cleavage, EGFR activation, and cell proliferation in ACHN tumor cells. Moreover, we found that in TccSup cancer cells, the lysophosphatidic acid-induced transactivation signal is mediated by ADAM15, demonstrating that distinct combinations of growth factor precursors and ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) regulate GPCR- EGFR cross-talk pathways in cell lines derived from urogenital cancer. Our data show further that activation of ADAMs results in discrete cellular responses; whereas GPCR agonists promote activation of the Ras/ MAPK pathway and cell proliferation via the EGFR in fibroblasts and ACHN cells, EGFR transactivation pathways regulate activation of the survival mediator Akt/ protein kinase B and the susceptibility of fibroblasts and TccSup bladder carcinoma cells to proapoptotic signals such as serum deprivation, death receptor stimulation, and the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin. Thus, ADAM15 and -17 function as effectors of GPCR-mediated signaling and define critical characteristics of cancer cells.[1]


  1. Distinct ADAM metalloproteinases regulate G protein-coupled receptor-induced cell proliferation and survival. Schäfer, B., Marg, B., Gschwind, A., Ullrich, A. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities