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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cryopreserved bovine mammary cells to model epithelial response to infection.

Mammary gland epithelial cells are likely to be important effectors in defending against mastitis, yet little is known about their response mechanisms. Here, we describe a cryopreserved bovine mammary epithelial cell model to study the infection response. Primary cell cultures from four Holstein cows were prepared, and frozen after two passages. The cell cultures from each cow were then thawed and maintained separately, yet simultaneously, and exposed to treatments that included infection with Staphylococcus aureus or exposure to LPS from Escherichia coli. A clear inflammatory response was shown by a significant (P < 0.05), dose dependent, increase of lactoferrin and IL-8 secretion within 24h in response to S. aureus or LPS. Marked increases (P < 0.05) in lactoferrin, TNF-alpha and serum amyloid A ( SAA) mRNA expression were also observed. The results indicate the usefulness of our model to study infection responses of mammary epithelial cells, where all cells are simultaneously exposed to the same infection pressure. These responses can be studied over time, and most importantly, biological replication is provided by the four different genotypes being investigated individually. Finally, the results indicate that mammary epithelial cells play an important role in inflammatory response, through the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, an acute phase protein, and lactoferrin.[1]


  1. Cryopreserved bovine mammary cells to model epithelial response to infection. Wellnitz, O., Kerr, D.E. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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