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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proprotein convertases regulate insulin-like growth factor 1- induced membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase in VSMCs via endoproteolytic activation of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor.

The IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and MT1-MMP are synthesized as larger precursor proproteins, which require endoproteolytic activation by the proprotein convertases (PCs) furin/PC5 to gain full biological activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of PCs to IGF-1R and/or MT1-MMP activation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) as well as VSMC proliferation/migration, which are key elements in vascular remodeling. Furin and PC5 mRNAs and proteins were found in VSMCs. Inhibition of furin-like PCs with the specific pharmacological inhibitor dec-CMK inhibited IGF-1R endoproteolytic activation. Inhibition of IGF-1R maturation abrogated IGF-induced IGF-1R autophosphorylation, PI3-kinase and MAPK induction, as well as VSMC proliferation (p<0.05 vs. controls), whereas it had no effect of PDGF-stimulated signaling pathways or cell growth. Both, IGF-1 and PDGF-BB, induced MT1-MMP expression, but only IGF-1-mediated MT1-MMP induction was inhibited by dec-CMK. Induction of MMP-2 by IGF-1 was inhibited by the PI3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin, but not by the MEK-inhibitor PD98059. Dec-CMK inhibited VSMC chemotaxis comparable to the effects of the MMP-inhibitor GM6001 (both p<0.05 vs. controls), supporting that MMPs are involved. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that targeting furin-like PCs and thus inhibiting IGF-1R activation is a novel target to inhibit IGF-1-mediated signaling and cell functions, such as IGF-1-induced MT1-MMP/MMP-2 in VSMCs.[1]


  1. Proprotein convertases regulate insulin-like growth factor 1-induced membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase in VSMCs via endoproteolytic activation of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor. Stawowy, P., Kallisch, H., Kilimnik, A., Margeta, C., Seidah, N.G., Chrétien, M., Fleck, E., Graf, K. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2004) [Pubmed]
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