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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

BIG2, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for ADP-ribosylation factors: its localization to recycling endosomes and implication in the endosome integrity.

Small GTPases of the ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) family play a key role in membrane trafficking by regulating coated vesicle formation, and guanine nucleotide exchange is essential for the ARF function. Brefeldin A blocks the ARF-triggered coat assembly by inhibiting the guanine nucleotide exchange on ARFs and causes disintegration of the Golgi complex and tubulation of endosomal membranes. BIG2 is one of brefeldin A-inhibited guanine nucleotide exchange factors for the ARF GTPases and is associated mainly with the trans-Golgi network. In the present study, we have revealed that another population of BIG2 is associated with the recycling endosome and found that expression of a catalytically inactive BIG2 mutant, E738K, selectively induces membrane tubules from this compartment. We also have shown that BIG2 has an exchange activity toward class I ARFs (ARF1 and ARF3) in vivo and inactivation of either ARF exaggerates the BIG2(E738K)-induced tubulation of endosomal membranes. These observations together indicate that BIG2 is implicated in the structural integrity of the recycling endosome through activating class I ARFs.[1]


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