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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ectodomain shedding of membrane-anchored heparin-binding EGF like growth factor and subcellular localization of the C-terminal fragment in the cell cycle.

Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is initially synthesized as a type I transmembrane protein (proHB-EGF). The proHB-EGF is shed by specific metalloproteases, releasing the N-terminal fragment into the extracellular space as a soluble growth factor (HB-EGF) and the C-terminal fragment (HB-EGF-C) into the intracellular space, where it prevents transcriptional repression by the promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein (PLZF). The goal of the present study was to characterize regulation of proHB-EGF shedding and study its temporal variations in HB-EGF-C localization throughout the cell cycle. Quantitative combination analyses of cell surface proHB-EGF and HB-EGF in conditioned medium showed that proHB-EGF shedding occurred during the G(1) cell cycle phase. Laser scanning cytometry (LSC) revealed that HB-EGF-C was internalized into the cytoplasm during the late G1 phase and accumulated in the nucleus beginning in the S phase. Subsequent nuclear export of PLZF occurred during the late S phase. Further, HB-EGF-C was localized around the centrosome following breakdown of the nuclear envelope and was localized to the interzonal space with chromosome segregation in the late M phase. Temporal variations in HB-EGF localization throughout the cell cycle were also characterized by time-lapse imaging of cells expressing YFP-tagged proHB-EGF, and these results were consistent with those obtained in cytometry studies. These results indicate that proHB-EGF shedding and subsequent HB-EGF-C signaling are related with progression of the cell cycle and may provide a clue to understand the unique biological significance of non-receptor-mediated signaling of proHB-EGF in cell growth.[1]


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