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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Formyl peptide stimulates and ATP gamma S potentiates [3H]cytidine 5'-diphosphate diglyceride accumulation in human neutrophils.

Although it is evident that the chemotactic peptide FMLP activates O2-formation in neutrophils via the phosphoinositidase-mediated second messenger system, it is less clear how endogenous priming agents such as ATP and platelet activating factor potentiate FMLP action. In our study, we have examined the possible effects of the stable ATP analog adenosine 5'-O-[3-thiotriphosphate] (ATP gamma S) on cellular levels of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, [Ca2+]i and diglyceride (DG), in resting and in FMLP-stimulated neutrophils. Although all three measures were increased in the presence of FMLP, only the increase in DG was enhanced by pretreatment (priming) with ATP gamma S. We also measured the accumulation of the phosphoinositide cycle intermediate cytidine 5'-diphosphate (CDP)-DG to assess possible effects of priming on phosphoinositide resynthesis. The addition of FMLP to [3H]cytidine-prelabeled neutrophils elicited an increase in the accumulation of [3H]CDP-DG that was maximally enhanced in cells that were pretreated with cytochalasin B. The stimulated accumulation of [3H]CDP-DG was completely reversed by the addition of myo-inositol. Treatment of [3H]cytidine-prelabeled neutrophils with ATP gamma S (10-100 microM) resulted in a dose-dependent synergistic increase in FMLP-stimulated [3H]CDP-DG accumulation, whereas ATP gamma S alone had no effect. The observed increases in DG and in [3H]CDP-DG, in contrast to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and [Ca2+]i responses, correlates well with the ATP gamma S-priming of FMLP-induced O2-formation. A similar potentiation of FMLP-induced stimulation of CDP-DG formation was also observed with platelet-activating factor. It is proposed that the priming of FMLP responses in neutrophils proceeds via a mechanism that selectively enhances DG production through a mechanism that is independent of FMLP-induced breakdown of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate.[1]


  1. Formyl peptide stimulates and ATP gamma S potentiates [3H]cytidine 5'-diphosphate diglyceride accumulation in human neutrophils. Stubbs, E.B., Walker, B.A., Owens, C.A., Ward, P.A., Agranoff, B.W. J. Immunol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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