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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prevention of postsurgery-induced abdominal adhesions by electrospun bioabsorbable nanofibrous poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-based membranes.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of nonwoven bioabsorbable nanofibrous membranes of poly(lactideco-glycolide) for prevention of postsurgery-induced abdominal adhesions. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Recent reports indicated that current materials used for adhesion prevention have only limited success. Studies on other bioabsorbable materials using a new fabrication technique demonstrated the promising potential of generating an improved and inexpensive product that is suitable for a variety of surgical applications. METHODS: All rats underwent a midline celiotomy. The cecum was identified and scored using an abrasive pad until serosal bleeding was noted on the anterior surface. A 1 x 1 cm of abdominal wall muscle was excised directly over the cecal wound. The celiotomy was then closed in 2 layers immediately (control) after a barrier was laid in between the cecum and the abdominal wall. All rats underwent a second celiotomy after 28 days to evaluate the extent of abdominal adhesions qualitatively and quantitatively. RESULTS: Cecal adhesions were reduced from 78% in the control group to 50% in the group using biodegradable poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nonwoven nanofibrous membranes (n = 10, P = 0.2) and to 22% in the group using membranes containing PLGA and poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(D,L-lactide) (PEG-PLA) blends (n = 9, P = 0.03). Electrospinning method also enabled us to load an antibiotic drug Cefoxitin sodium (Mefoxin; Merck Inc., West Point, PA) with high efficacy. The electrospun PLGA/PEG-PLA membranes impregnated with 5 wt% cefoxitin sodium, which amounts to approximately 10% of the systemic daily dose typically taken after surgery in humans, completely prevented cecal adhesions (0%) in rats. CONCLUSIONS: Electrospun nonwoven bioabsorbable nanofibrous membranes of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) were effective to reduce adhesions at the site of injury using an objective rat model. The membrane acted as a physical barrier but with drug-delivery capability. The combined advantages of composition adjustment, drug-loading capability, and easy placement handling (relatively hydrophobic) make these membranes potentially successful candidates for further clinical evaluations.[1]


  1. Prevention of postsurgery-induced abdominal adhesions by electrospun bioabsorbable nanofibrous poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-based membranes. Zong, X., Li, S., Chen, E., Garlick, B., Kim, K.S., Fang, D., Chiu, J., Zimmerman, T., Brathwaite, C., Hsiao, B.S., Chu, B. Ann. Surg. (2004) [Pubmed]
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