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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Detection of lipid peroxidation in vivo: total hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid and 7-hydroxycholesterol as oxidative stress marker.

It is important to assess the oxidative injury in vivo accurately and inclusively, as the oxidative stress induced by various oxidants in a random and destructive fashion is considered to play an important role in the pathophysiology of a number of human disorders and diseases. We have developed an improved method for the measurement of lipid peroxidation in vivo, where total hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODE) and 7-hydroxycholesterol (FCOH) were determined by GC/MS analysis from physiological samples after reduction with sodium borohydride and saponification by potassium hydroxide. In this method, both free and ester forms of hydroperoxides and ketones as well as hydroxides of linoleate and cholesterol are measured as HODE and FCOH, respectively. The ratio of stereo-isomers, (E,E)-HODE/(E,Z)-HODE, could be also measured. The plasma concentrations of total HODE were obtained as 76.5, 666 and 2225 nM for human, rat and mouse, respectively. It was found that HODE and FCOH could be measured satisfactorily by the present method from plasma, erythrocyte and urine of humans and experimental animals. It was also found that HODE in urine arose from both free and ester forms, while 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha was present primarily as a free acid form. As the concentrations of HODE were much higher than 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha, HODE may well be used as a good oxidative marker in vivo.[1]


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