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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI: identification of three mutations in the arylsulfatase B gene of patients with the severe and mild phenotypes provides molecular evidence for genetic heterogeneity.

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy disease) results from the deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme, arylsulfatase B (ASB; N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase E.C. The enzymatic defect leads to the accumulation of the glycosaminoglycan, dermatan sulfate, primarily in connective tissue and reticuloendothelial cell lysosomes. Although MPS VI patients have normal intelligence and no neurologic abnormalities, the disease is clinically heterogeneous: severely affected individuals expire in childhood or early adolescence while those with the mild or intermediate phenotypes have a slower, milder disease course and a longer life span. The recent isolation of the full-length cDNA-encoding human ASB permitted an investigation of the molecular lesions underlying the phenotypic heterogeneity in MPS VI. The ASB cDNA-coding sequences were determined from two unrelated MPS VI patients with the severe (proband 1) and mild (proband 2) phenotypes. These patients had about 2% and 7% of normal ASB activity in cultured fibroblasts, respectively. Proband 1 was homoallelic for a T-to-C transition in nucleotide (nt) 349, which predicted a cysteine-to-arginine substitution in the ASB polypeptide at residue 117 (C117R). Proband 2 was heteroallelic, having a T-to-C transition in nt 707, which predicted a leucine-to-proline replacement at ASB residue 236 (L236P), and having a G-to-A transition in nt 1214, which predicted a cysteine-to-tyrosine substitution at ASB residue 405 (C405Y). These mutations did not occur in three other unrelated MPS VI patients or in 120 ASB alleles from normal individuals, indicating that they were not polymorphisms. The identification of these three ASB mutations documents the first evidence of molecular heterogeneity in MPS VI and provides an initial basis for genotype/phenotype correlations in this lysosomal storage disease.[1]


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