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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Screening of inhibitors of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase with a miniaturized on-line drug-metabolism system.

Inhibition of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), a major drug-metabolyzing enzyme, has been studied using an on-line drug-metabolism system integrated into capillary electrophoresis. Microsomes isolated from rat liver were encapsulated in tetramethoxysilane (TMOS)-based silica matrices within a capillary in a single step under mild conditions. This microsome-immobilized capillary column allows both the metabolism of drugs and determination of the metabolites in a single capillary simultaneously, just by injecting the substrate-coenzyme mixture onto the column. Glucuronidation of acetaminophen, a widely used pharmaceutical analgesic and antipyretic agent, was investigated using this system. The glucuronidation was inhibited by 4-nitrophenol (4NP) or probenecid that was injected onto a column along with the substrate-coenzyme mixture. On the other hand, valproate did not inhibit the metabolizing reaction. The extents of inhibition using encapsulated UGT were almost the same as those obtained using free UGT. On the other hand, this electrophoretic enzyme-inhibitor assay in microfabricated devices consumes 10(4) less sample and 10(3) less microsome per experiment compared to the conventional reaction schemes. These results demonstrate that this on-line system can circumvent laborious procedures for the isolation and determination of drug metabolites from the reaction mixtures required in the conventional schemes and can provide an attractive alternative technique for the analysis of drug interactions in the metabolic pathways.[1]


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