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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Paradigmatic identification of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP activation systems in cardiac fibroblasts cultured as a monolayer.

Activations of MMP-2 and membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) have been correlated with cell migration, a key cellular event in the wound healing and tissue remodeling. We have previously demonstrated furin-dependent MMP-2 and MT1-MMP activations induced by type I collagen in cardiac fibroblasts. To understand mechanistic aspects of the regulation of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP activations by potential non-matrix factor(s) in cardiac fibroblasts, in the present study, we examined the effects of various agents including concanavalin A (ConA), a proteolytic phenotype-producing agent. We showed that treatment of cells with ConA activated pro-MMP-2, and that this activation concurred with elevated levels of cellular MT1-MMP and TIMP-2. The presence of active MT1-MMP and 43 and 36 kDa processed forms of MT1-MMP in a fraction of intracellular proteins prepared from ConA-treated cells suggests the possible internalization of differential forms of MT1-MMP. The appearance of 36 kDa processed form of MT1-MMP in conditioned media prepared from ConA-treated cells indicates the possible extracellular release of the further processed MT1-MMP fragment. Inhibition of furin in ConA-treated cells attenuated pro-MT1-MMP processing and the cellular TIMP-2 level, plus it reduced cell-released active MMP-2 in a time-dependent manner. These results suggest the involvement of furin in the ConA- induced activations of MT1-MMP and MMP-2. Furthermore, the existence of furin inhibitor-insensitive pro- and active MMP-2 species associated with ConA-treated cells implies that a mechanism independent of furin may perhaps account for the binding of the MMP-2 species to the cells. Supplementary material for this article can be found at[1]


  1. Paradigmatic identification of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP activation systems in cardiac fibroblasts cultured as a monolayer. Guo, C., Jiang, J., Elliott, J.M., Piacentini, L. J. Cell. Biochem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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