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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Magnetic resonance and biochemical studies during pentylenetetrazole-kindling development: the relationship between nitric oxide, neuronal nitric oxide synthase and seizures.

The major aim of this study was to elucidate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the development of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindling as an animal model of primary generalized epilepsy. The daily administration of PTZ is associated with an increase in the amount of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). NO generation was measured directly by in vivo and ex vivo electron paramagnetic resonance on rodents undergoing progressive convulsions. We found that primary generalized epilepsy is caused by NO induction during the persistent up-regulation of nNOS expression, but that NO induction is not associated with severe generalized seizures following long-term kindling phenomena after PTZ withdrawal. Morphological changes in the brain structure of rats were measured by magnetic resonance imaging during epileptic convulsions induced by repetitive administration of PTZ. Cerebellum volume for kindled rats decreased 20% but not in rats treated with the nNOS inhibitor, 3Br-7NI, suggesting that generation of NO in the cerebellum is related to decrease in cerebellum volume following PTZ-kindling.[1]


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