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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TRPC1-mediated inhibition of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion neurotoxicity in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Mammalian homologues of the Drosophila canonical transient receptor potential ( TRP) proteins have been implicated to function as plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels. This study examined the role of TRPC1 in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. SH-SY5Y cells treated with an exogenous neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion ( MPP(+)) significantly decreased TRPC1 protein levels. Confocal microscopy on SH-SY5Y cells treatment with MPP(+) showed decreased plasma membrane staining of TRPC1. Importantly, overexpression of TRPC1 reduced neurotoxicity induced by MPP(+). MPP(+)-induced alpha-synuclein expression was also suppressed by TRPC1 overexpression. Protection of SH-SY5Y cells against MPP(+) was significantly decreased upon the overexpression of antisense TRPC1 cDNA construct or the addition of a nonspecific transient receptor potential channel blocker lanthanum. Activation of TRPC1 by thapsigargin or carbachol decreased MPP(+) neurotoxicity, which was partially dependent on external Ca(2+). Staining of SH-SY5Y cells with an apoptotic marker (YO-PRO-1) showed that TRPC1 protects SH-SY5Y neuronal cells against apoptosis. Further, TRPC1 overexpression inhibited cytochrome c release and decreased Bax and Apaf-1 protein levels. Interpretation of the above data suggests that reduction in the cell surface expression of TRPC1 following MPP(+) treatment may be involved in dopaminergic neurodegeneration. Furthermore, TRPC1 may inhibit degenerative apoptotic signaling to provide neuroprotection against Parkinson's disease-inducing agents.[1]


  1. TRPC1-mediated inhibition of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion neurotoxicity in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Bollimuntha, S., Singh, B.B., Shavali, S., Sharma, S.K., Ebadi, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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