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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Renal and intestinal transport defects in Slc26a6-null mice.

SLC26A6 ( PAT1, CFEX) is an anion exchanger that is expressed on the apical membrane of the kidney proximal tubule and the small intestine. Modes of transport mediated by SLC26A6 include Cl-/formate exchange, Cl-/HCO3- exchange, and Cl-/oxalate exchange. To study its role in kidney and intestinal physiology, gene targeting was used to prepare mice lacking Slc26a6. Homozygous mutant Slc26a6-/- mice appeared healthy and exhibited a normal blood pressure, kidney function, and plasma electrolyte profile. In proximal tubules microperfused with a low-HCO3-/high-Cl- solution, the baseline rate of fluid absorption (Jv), an index of NaCl transport under these conditions, was the same in wild-type and null mice. However, the stimulation of Jv by oxalate observed in wild-type mice was completely abolished in Slc26a6-null mice (P<0.05). Formate stimulation of Jv was partially reduced in null mice, but the difference from the response in wild-type mice did not reach statistical significance. Apical membrane Cl-/base exchange activity, assayed with the pH-sensitive dye BCPCF in microperfused proximal tubules, was decreased by 58% in Slc26a6-/- animals (P<0.001 vs. wild types). In the duodenum, the baseline rate of HCO3- secretion measured in mucosal tissue mounted in Ussing chambers was decreased by approximately 30% (P<0.03), whereas the forskolin-stimulated component of HCO3- secretion was the same in wild-type and Slc26a6-/- mice. We conclude that Slc26a6 mediates oxalate-stimulated NaCl absorption, contributes to apical membrane Cl-/base exchange in the kidney proximal tubule, and also plays an important role in HCO3- secretion in the duodenum.[1]

References

  1. Renal and intestinal transport defects in Slc26a6-null mice. Wang, Z., Wang, T., Petrovic, S., Tuo, B., Riederer, B., Barone, S., Lorenz, J.N., Seidler, U., Aronson, P.S., Soleimani, M. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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