The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vinculin controls PTEN protein level by maintaining the interaction of the adherens junction protein beta-catenin with the scaffolding protein MAGI-2.

PTEN is a frequently mutated tumor suppressor in malignancies. Interestingly, some malignancies exhibit undetectable PTEN protein without mutations or loss of PTEN mRNA. The cause(s) for this reduction in PTEN is unknown. Cancer cells frequently exhibit loss of cadherin, beta-catenin, alpha-catenin and/or vinculin, key elements of adherens junctions. Here we show that F9 vinculin-null (vin(-/-)) cells lack PTEN protein despite normal PTEN mRNA levels. Their PTEN protein expression was restored by transfection with vinculin or by inhibition of PTEN degradation. F9 vin(-/-) cells express PTEN protein upon transfection with a vinculin fragment (amino acids 243-1066) that is capable of interacting with alpha-catenin but unable to target into focal adhesions. On the other hand, disruption of adherens junctions with an E-cadherin blocking antibody reduced PTEN protein to undetectable levels in wild-type F9 cells. PTEN protein levels were restored in F9 vin(-/-) cells upon transfection with an E-cadherin-alpha-catenin fusion protein, which targets into adherens junctions and interacts with beta-catenin in F9 vin(-/-) cells. beta-Catenin is known to interact with MAGI-2. MAGI-2 interaction with PTEN in the cell membrane is known to prevent PTEN protein degradation. Thus, MAGI-2 overexpression in F9 vin(-/-) cells restored PTEN protein levels. Moreover, expression of vinculin mutants that reinstated the disrupted interactions of beta-catenin with MAGI-2 in F9 vin(-/-) cells also restored PTEN protein levels. These studies indicate that PTEN protein levels are dependent on the maintenance of beta-catenin-MAGI-2 interaction, in which vinculin plays a critical role.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities