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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

BCL-2- induced glioma cell invasiveness depends on furin-like proteases.

Migration and invasion are prerequisites for the neoplastic phenotype of malignant glioma. Ectopic expression of BCL-2 enhances migration and invasion of glioma cells and promotes their synthesis of transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2). We here report that BCL-2- expressing cells show enhanced expression and activity of the proprotein convertase, furin, which processes metalloproteinases (MMP) and TGF-beta. Consistent with a biological role for a BCL-2-dependent increase in furin-like protease (FLP) activity, BCL-2-expressing cells exhibit enhanced MMP activity. Both a pseudosubstrate furin inhibitor, decanoyl-Arg-Val-Lys-Arg-chloromethylketone (dec-RVKR-cmk), or alpha 1-anti-trypsin Portland (PDX), a recombinant furin-inhibitory protein, suppress constitutive and BCL-2-mediated MMP activity and invasion. This inhibition is not overcome by TGF-beta or hepatocyte growth factor ( HGF). A neutralizing TGF-beta antibody attenuates, but not abrogates, the invasive properties conferred by exogenous expression of BCL-2, whereas the MMP inhibitor o-phenantroline (o-PA) abolishes the pro-invasive action of BCL-2. Exogenous HGF results in enhanced, and expression of dominant-negative ezrin in reduced, FLP activity, and dec-RVKR-cmk blunts the HGF- induced expression of mature TGF-beta2. Consequently, HGF and BCL-2 family proteins use a furin-dependent pathway to promote invasion via TGF-beta and MMP in human malignant glioma cells and the pro-invasive properties of TGF-beta require furin- dependent MMP activity.[1]


  1. BCL-2-induced glioma cell invasiveness depends on furin-like proteases. Wick, W., Wild-Bode, C., Frank, B., Weller, M. J. Neurochem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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