The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Estrogen receptor alpha pathway is involved in the regulation of Calbindin-D9k in the uterus of immature rats.

It has been demonstrated in our previous studies that Calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k) is a potent biomarker for screening estrogen-like chemicals in the rat model. Although treatments with 17beta-estradiol (E2) and endocrine disrupting compounds resulted in the up-regulation of uterine CaBP-9k, the mechanism of CaBP-9k induction by these compounds through two subtypes of estrogen receptors (ERalpha and ERbeta) is unclear. Thus, in the present study, immature rats were treated with propyl pyrazole triol ( PPT, an ERalpha-selective ligand), diarylpropionitrile (DPN, an ERbeta-selective ligand), E2, or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, a vehicle control) for three days in order to clarify which subtype of ER is involved in the uterine CaBP-9k induction. Following injection with these ER ligands, uterine CaBP-9k expression was analyzed by Northern blot and immunoblot assays. Uterine CaBP-9k expression is mainly mediated by PPT in a dose- and time-dependent manner in immature rats, whereas no significant alteration of the uterine CaBP-9k gene was observed after DPN treatment. In addition, an estrogenicity of PPT in inducing CaBP-9k expression was completely blocked by the anti-estrogen ICI 182,780, implying that uterine CaBP-9k is solely induced by ERalpha. A single treatment with PPT rapidly increased the protein levels of ERalpha and PR, an E2-mediated gene, in these tissues. Taken together, these results indicate that uterine CaBP-9k is induced by E2 and endocrine disrupting chemicals via the ERalpha pathway, but not ERbeta, in the uterus of immature rats.[1]


  1. Estrogen receptor alpha pathway is involved in the regulation of Calbindin-D9k in the uterus of immature rats. Lee, G.S., Kim, H.J., Jung, Y.W., Choi, K.C., Jeung, E.B. Toxicol. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities