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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of bovine somatotropin on uterine genes related to the prostaglandin cascade in lactating dairy cows.

Multiparous Holstein cows, averaging 80 d in milk, were used to examine the effect of exogenous bovine somatotropin (bST) on uterine expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha), prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase-2 (PGHS-2), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta). About 12 h before expected ovulation in a synchronization protocol, cows were assigned to receive bST (500 mg, n = 11) or serve as untreated controls (n = 10). Cows that ovulated (n = 9 bST, 8 control) were divided within treatment to be killed on d 3 or 7 postovulation. Samples of intercaruncular endometrial tissue from uterine horns ipsilateral to the corpus luteum were collected and stored at -80 degrees C for subsequent mRNA analyses. Endometrial concentrations of ERalpha and PGHS-2 mRNA transcripts were greater on d 7 than on d 3 of the estrous cycle, but did not differ between treatments. Compared with untreated cows, short-term bST treatment decreased PGHS-2 protein expression at d 7 of the estrous cycle. Concentration of PPARdelta mRNA transcript in the uterus decreased between d 3 and 7 of the estrous cycle and was negatively correlated with ERalpha and PGHS-2 mRNA concentrations. Short-term administration of bST to lactating dairy cows had minimal effects on uterine genes encoding ERalpha, PGHS-2, and PPARdelta at d 3 and 7 of the estrous cycle but there may be an inverse relationship between PPARdelta and uterine expression of ERalpha and PGHS-2 genes.[1]


  1. Effects of bovine somatotropin on uterine genes related to the prostaglandin cascade in lactating dairy cows. Balaguer, S.A., Pershing, R.A., Rodriguez-Sallaberry, C., Thatcher, W.W., Badinga, L. J. Dairy Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
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