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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alefacept reduces infiltrating T cells, activated dendritic cells, and inflammatory genes in psoriasis vulgaris.

Psoriasis vulgaris, a skin disease that is considered to be the result of a type 1 autoimmune response, provides an opportunity for studying the changes that occur in a target-diseased tissue during innovative immunotherapies. To gain a more comprehensive picture of the response to an approved biological therapy, we studied alfacept, which is a CD2 binding fusion protein. We examined T cells, dendritic cells (DCs), and expression of a number of inflammatory genes. In 22 patients, 55% demonstrated a clear histological remission of the disease, with a 73% reduction in lesional lymphocytes and a 79% decrease in infiltrating CD8+ cells. Only histological responders showed marked reductions in the tissue expression of inflammatory genes IFN-gamma, signal transducer and activator of transcription 1, monokine induced by IFN-gamma, inducible NO synthase, IL-8, and IL-23 subunits. Parallel decreases in CD83+ and CD11c+ DCs also were measured by immunohistochemistry. Because we observed that alefacept binds primarily to T cells and not DCs, we suggest that T cells are the primary target for therapy, but that DCs and a spectrum of type 1 inflammatory genes are coordinately suppressed.[1]


  1. Alefacept reduces infiltrating T cells, activated dendritic cells, and inflammatory genes in psoriasis vulgaris. Chamian, F., Lowes, M.A., Lin, S.L., Lee, E., Kikuchi, T., Gilleaudeau, P., Sullivan-Whalen, M., Cardinale, I., Khatcherian, A., Novitskaya, I., Wittkowski, K.M., Krueger, J.G. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
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