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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA-PKcs, but not TLR9, is required for activation of Akt by CpG-DNA.

CpG-DNA and its related synthetic CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODNs) play an important role in immune cell survival. It has been suggested that Akt is one of the CpG-DNA-responsive serine/threonine kinases; however, the target protein of CpG-DNA that leads to Akt activation has not been elucidated. Here, we report that ex vivo stimulation of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from mice lacking the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase ( DNA-PKcs) results in defective phosphorylation and activation of Akt by CpG-DNA. Unexpectedly, loss of the Toll-like receptor 9 has a minimal effect on Akt activation in response to CpG-DNA. Further in vitro analysis using purified DNA-PK and recombinant Akt proteins reveals that DNA-PK directly induces phosphorylation and activation of Akt. In addition, in BMDMs, DNA-PKcs associates with Akt upon CpG-DNA stimulation and triggers transient nuclear translocation of Akt. Thus, our findings establish a novel role for DNA-PKcs in CpG-DNA signaling and define a CpG-DNA/ DNA-PKcs/Akt pathway.[1]


  1. DNA-PKcs, but not TLR9, is required for activation of Akt by CpG-DNA. Dragoi, A.M., Fu, X., Ivanov, S., Zhang, P., Sheng, L., Wu, D., Li, G.C., Chu, W.M. EMBO J. (2005) [Pubmed]
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