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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelin-converting enzyme-1-mediated signaling in adult rat ventricular myocyte contractility and apoptosis during sepsis.

We hypothesized that modulation of endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) activity would affect phosphorylation of p38-mitogen activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) and potentiate apoptosis in adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) during sepsis. The activity of ECE-1 in ARVMs was altered by increasing the substrate availability for ECE-1 by exogenous administration of bigendothelin-1 (bigET-1, 100 nM) and by inhibiting ECE-1 using FR901533 (10 microM) for 24-h. FR901533 significantly decreased the concentration of ET-1 in both sham and sepsis groups. FR901533 decreased p38-MAPK phosphorylation in sepsis but not in sham group. BigET-1 upregulated p38-MAPK phosphorylation, produced hypertrophy, decreased cell viability and reversed FR901533-induced down-regulation of p38-MAPK phosphorylation in both groups. Although, FR901533 did not affect cell cross-sectional area, it significantly reduced the viability of ARVM in both groups. The peak shortening of sham ARVMs was elevated by bigET-1, FR901533 and pretreatment with FR901533 followed by bigET-1. However, the contractility of septic ARVMs was not altered by either bigET-1 or FR901533 treatments per se. Septic ARVM exhibited significantly increased caspase-3 activity at 12 and 24-h. Pretreatment with FR901533 significantly elevated caspase-3 activity in both sham and sepsis group. The data demonstrated that bigET-1-induced hypertrophy in septic ARVM correlates with an ECE-1 dependent-activation of p38-MAPK. The results suggest that non-responsiveness of ARVM to bigET-1 is due to ECE-1 dependent apoptosis. We concluded that ECE-1 may play a crucial role in ARVM dysfunction via increased caspase-3 activity and p38-MAPK phosphorylation during sepsis.[1]


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