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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of soybean oil fat emulsion in the prevention of hepatic xenobiotic transporter mRNA up- and down-regulation induced by overdose of fat-free total parenteral nutrition in infant rats.

Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is associated with cholestasis and hepatic steatosis in human infants. The present study focused on the changes in hepatic xenobiotic transporters associated with overdose of fat-free or fat-containing TPN in infant rats. Three-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: group 1 received an oral diet, group 2 received TPN without fat, and group 3 received TPN with 20% of its calories from fat (soybean oil emulsion). After TPN administration for 4 days, both serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, which are indicators of hepatic dysfunction, in group 2 were significantly higher (p<0.001) than those in the other groups, whereas there were no differences between groups 1 and 3 in either serum AST or ALT levels. The serum bilirubin concentration in group 2 was also markedly higher than that in the other groups. Mdr2, Bsep, Mrp2, Mrp6, Oct1, and Oat2 mRNA levels were decreased in group 2 (fat-free TPN) compared with those in group 1 (oral diet), whereas Mdr1b, Mrp1, and Mrp5 mRNA levels were increased. Specifically, the level of Mdr1b mRNA in group 2 was 16 times higher (p<0.001) than that in group 1. On the other hand, the changes in these mRNA expression levels in group 3 (fat-containing TPN) were smaller than those in group 2, and specifically, the expression levels of Mdr1b, Mrp1, Mrp5, Mrp6, and Oat2 mRNA in group 3 were not significantly different from those in group 1. The results of the present study indicate that including fat in the TPN regimen is very important in preventing the mRNA up- and down-regulation of xenobiotic transporters, which is considered to be the main factor responsible for the abnormal hepatic changes such as cholestasis associated with the excessive administration of fat-free TPN.[1]


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