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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Serotonin1A-receptor antagonism blocks psychostimulant properties of diethylpropion in marmosets (Callithrix penicillata).

Diethylpropion (1-phenyl-2-diethylamine-1-propanone hydrochloride) is a stimulant drug with reinforcing properties that is used to treat obesity in humans. While the anorectic properties of diethylpropion are mediated by a noradrenergic mechanism, stimulant properties depend on its effects on the serotonergic (5-HT) and/or dopaminergic systems. In this study we investigated the role of the 5-HT1A-receptor in the acute behavioral effects of diethylpropion in marmosets (Callithrix penicillata). Animals were pretreated with the selective 5-HT1A-receptor antagonist, N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-(2-pyridinyl) cyclohexane-carboxamide trihydrochloride (WAY 100635; 0.2, 0.4, 0.8 mg/kg, i.p.) or saline (i.p.) and received a treatment with diethylpropion (10 mg/kg, i.p) or saline (i.p.). Diethylpropion induced an increase in locomotor activity in 60% of the monkeys, which were classified as diethylpropion sensitive, but did not affect locomotion in 40% of the monkeys (diethylpropion insensitive). Sensitivity analysis revealed two types of responders to diethylpropion. In the sensitive animals (type A) diethylpropion increased locomotor activity and anxiogenic-like behavior, but decreased bodycare activities. In the insensitive animals (type B) diethylpropion did not affect locomotor and bodycare activity after diethylpropion, but led to a strong increase in anxiogenic-like behavioral responses. Selective 5-HT1A-receptor antagonism modulated the acute diethylpropion effects responder type specifically. In the sensitive (type A) monkeys WAY 100635 blocked the diethylpropion-induced increase in locomotor activity, while not affecting anxiogenic-like behavioral responses or the suppression of bodycare activities. In the insensitive monkeys, WAY 100635 had no effect on locomotor activity after diethylpropion, but blocked diethylpropion effects on some anxiogenic-like behavioral responses. In conclusion, these results suggest an essential contribution of the 5-HT1A-receptor to the stimulant effects of diethylpropion, which is responder type specific. It also suggests the 5-HT1A-receptor to be a source of the interindividual variance in the acute behavioral response to the stimulant diethylpropion in monkeys.[1]


  1. Serotonin1A-receptor antagonism blocks psychostimulant properties of diethylpropion in marmosets (Callithrix penicillata). Mello, E.L., Maior, R.S., Carey, R.J., Huston, J.P., Tomaz, C., Müller, C.P. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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