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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Myriocin prevents fumonisin B1-induced sphingoid base accumulation in mice liver without ameliorating hepatotoxicity.

Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)), a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium verticillioides present on corn and corn-based products, causes species- and organ-specific diseases. The hepatotoxic effects of FB(1) in mice have been closely correlated with the accumulation of free sphinganine, a marker for ceramide synthase inhibition, and reduced biosynthesis of more complex sphingolipids. It has been shown that FB(1) modulates expression of many cell signaling factors. In the current study we used myriocin, a specific inhibitor of serine palmitoyltransferase, to investigate the role of free sphinganine accumulation in FB(1)-induced hepatotoxicity and increased expression of selected signaling genes in BALB/c mice. The mice were pretreated daily with intraperitoneal injection of 1.0 mg/kg myriocin 30 min before subcutaneous injections of 2.25 mg/kg of FB(1) for 3 days. Results showed that myriocin alone was not hepatotoxic and the combination of myriocin plus FB(1) completely prevented the FB(1)-induced elevation of hepatic free sphinganine and prevented the FB(1)-induced induction of selected cell signaling genes, suggesting that accumulation of free sphinganine and/or its metabolites contribute to the FB(1)-modulation of the cell signaling factors. However, the combination of myriocin and FB(1) did not prevent FB(1)-increased concentration of plasma alanine aminotransferase and only slightly attenuated aspartate aminotransferase; it did not affect the FB(1)-induced hepatocyte apoptosis or increased cell proliferation. A longer combined treatment of myriocin and FB(1) was highly toxic. The hepatotoxic effects in mice seen in this study are most likely due to a combination of factors including accumulation of free sphinganine, depletion of more complex sphingolipids and sphingomyelin, or other unknown mechanisms.[1]


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