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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intraventricular injections of tachykinin NK3 receptor agonist reduce the gain of the baroreflex in unrestrained rats.

The tachykinin neuropeptides acting at NK3 receptors affect mean arterial pressure (MAP) through both neuroendocrine and neural mechanisms. NK3 receptors are found in brainstem nuclei that mediate the baroreflex, but the effects of NK3 receptor stimulation on baroreflex function are unknown. The present study tests the effects of intraventricular injections of senktide, a selective NK3 receptor agonist, on the sensitivity of the baroreflex in three stains of rats: Charles River Laboratory, Long-Evans, and Brattleboro rats, which lack the ability to synthesize vasopressin. Rats with lateral ventricle cannulas were administered injections of isotonic saline, 100 ng, or 200 ng senktide, and 5 min later arterial baroreceptor-heart rate (HR) function was examined by constructing full-range blood pressure-HR curves using alternating doses (5-20 microg kg min) of phenylephrine and nitroprusside to raise and decrease blood pressure approximately 50 mm Hg over a period of 1 min, respectively. Intraventricular injections of 200 ng senktide had no significant effect on baseline MAP, but significantly decreased the gain of the baroreflex in all three rat strains whereas the 100 ng dose had no effect on the baroreflex. These results show that NK3 receptor stimulation modulates the baroreflex that is independent of any action of vasopressin.[1]


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