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Denervation enhances the expression of SHPS-1 in rat skeletal muscle.

SHPS-1 (Src homology 2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase substrate 1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein containing three immunoglobulin-like motifs in its extracellular domain and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM) that interact with SHP-2 (Src homology 2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2) in its cytoplasmic region. SHPS-1 is highly expressed in brain, but at much lower levels in skeletal muscle. In this study, we found that the level of the SHPS-1 mRNA increases in rat skeletal muscle after denervation. Western blot analysis also confirmed the increase of SHPS-1 in denervated muscle. Moreover, it was found that the glycosylation of SHPS-1 is N-linked in a muscle-specific manner, and that this is altered upon innervation or denervation. Immunohistochemistry revealed SHPS-1 immunoreactivity at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) under innervation, whereas immunoreactivity was observed extrasynaptically in muscle fibers after denervation. Our results indicate that the expression, glycosylation, and localization of SHPS-1 are strongly regulated by the nervous system, and that SHPS-1 may play an important role in denervated skeletal muscle.[1]

References

  1. Denervation enhances the expression of SHPS-1 in rat skeletal muscle. Mitsuhashi, H., Yoshikawa, A., Sasagawa, N., Hayashi, Y., Ishiura, S. J. Biochem. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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