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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

AT1 receptor- mediated enhancement of collecting duct renin in angiotensin II-dependent hypertensive rats.

Angiotensin II (ANG II)-infused rats exhibit increases in distal nephron renin expressed in principal cells of connecting tubules and collecting ducts. This study was performed to determine whether the augmentation of distal nephron renin involves ANG II type 1 ( AT1) receptor activation. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-220 g) were divided into three groups: 1) sham operated (n = 8); 2) ANG II infused (80 ng/min, 13 days, n = 8); and 3) ANG II infused plus AT1 receptor blocker (ARB), olmesartan (5 mg/days, n = 8). ANG II infusion increased systolic blood pressure (BP; 178 +/- 4 vs. 122 +/- 1 mmHg; P < 0.001) and suppressed plasma renin activity (PRA; 0.08 +/- 0.1 vs. 5.3 +/- 0.8 ng ANG I x ml(-1) x h(-1)). ARB treatment prevented the increase in BP (113 +/- 6 mmHg) and led to increases in PRA (15.8 +/- 1.5 ng ANG I x ml(-1) x h(-1)). Renin protein levels measured in the kidney medulla, to avoid contribution from juxtaglomerular apparatus cells, were higher in ANG II-infused rats [1.64 +/- 0.3 vs. 1.00 +/- 0.1 densitometric units (DU) compared with sham-operated rats; P < 0.05], and ARB treatment prevented this increase (1.01 +/- 0.1). Similarly, renin immunoreactivity increased in medullary collecting ducts of ANG II-infused compared with sham-operated rats (2.5 +/- 0.3 vs. 1.0 +/- 0.2 DU; P < 0.001), which was also prevented by ARB (1.01 +/- 0.06). Renin qRTPCR in ANG II-infused rats showed higher mRNA levels in the kidney medulla compared with sham-operated rats (5.5 +/- 2.3 vs. 0.04 +/- 0.02 ratio to GAPDH mRNA levels; P < 0.001); however, renin transcript levels were normalized in the ARB-treated rats. These data demonstrate that the augmentation of distal nephron renin in ANG II-infused hypertensive rats is AT1 receptor mediated. The augmented distal tubular renin may contribute to increased intratubular ANG II levels and distal nephron sodium reabsorption in ANG II-dependent hypertension.[1]


  1. AT1 receptor-mediated enhancement of collecting duct renin in angiotensin II-dependent hypertensive rats. Prieto-Carrasquero, M.C., Kobori, H., Ozawa, Y., Gutiérrez, A., Seth, D., Navar, L.G. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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