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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An expression screen reveals modulators of class II histone deacetylase phosphorylation.

Class II histone deacetylases (HDACs) repress transcription by associating with a variety of transcription factors and corepressors. Phosphorylation of a set of conserved serine residues in the N-terminal extensions of class II HDACs creates binding sites for 14-3-3 chaperone proteins, which trigger nuclear export of these HDACs, thereby derepressing specific target genes in a signal-dependent manner. To identify intracellular signaling pathways that control phosphorylation of HDAC5, a class II HDAC, we designed a eukaryotic cDNA expression screen in which a GAL4-dependent luciferase reporter was expressed with the DNA-binding domain of GAL4 fused to the N-terminal extension of HDAC5 and the VP16 transcription activation domain fused to 14-3-3. The transfection of COS cells with cDNA expression libraries results in activation of luciferase expression by cDNAs encoding HDAC5 kinases or modulators of such kinases that enable phosphorylated GAL4-HDAC5 to recruit 14-3-3-VP16 with consequent reconstitution of a functional transcriptional complex. Our results reveal a remarkable variety of signaling pathways that converge on the signal-responsive phosphorylation sites in HDAC5, thereby enabling HDAC5 to connect extracellular signals to the genome.[1]


  1. An expression screen reveals modulators of class II histone deacetylase phosphorylation. Chang, S., Bezprozvannaya, S., Li, S., Olson, E.N. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
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